The classes taught on May 28-29, 2014 by Professor Hiraida Santana intended that the student structure concepts of the fundamentals of artificial intelligence to increase the abstraction of how and he because AI is a branch of computer science that seeks to artificially create reasoning human intelligence.
Throughout the history of Artificial Intelligence (AI) different positions have been defended about the relationship between AI and natural intelligence. This discussion has been largely limited and conditioned to the prevailing stance at the moment around the relationship between mind and body.. This dependence was initially overcome by opting for a behaviorist positioning.: for Turing, intelligence is determined by what can be done and what cannot be done.; a non-human can be considered intelligent if interacting with another human, a third party who is watching the conversation, is not able to distinguish them in their verbal ability (Inheritance , Lamata. 2006).
The birth of cognitive sciences is one of the most important consequences of the development of AI during the last century, since it involves establishing a research program that involves different disciplines (Blond. 2006).
In the strict sense, Computer science is not a science discipline that employs scientific methods to explain phenomena of nature and society., but rather, in the broadest sense of systematic knowledge with a theoretical basis (Martinez, Garcia. 2000). If you analyze its principles you will be able to realize that this technique runs parallel with the history of humanity since this science is recent since it began in the wake of the Second World War and synthesizes and automates intellectual tasks and is , therefore potentially relevant to any field(Norving, Stuart. 2008).
In 1956, the pioneers of Artificial Intelligence, Minsky, Mccarthy, Rochester, Shannon, organized the first Artificial Intelligence conference that was sponsored by the Rochester Foundation. This conference was held in the summer of 1956 in the English town of Darmouth and in many books the summer of this year is referred to as the first serious contact with artificial neural networks.( Olabe. 2008).
Cognitive psychology has adopted the metaphor of the computer to think about the mind.. The mind processes information, encodes it, stores and retrieves it like a computer. Our brain is the hardware on which programs run that allow us to talk, see think (the software). Artificial Intelligence adopts the mirror image and, in its strong version, not metaphorically but literally: A computer is a mind.
AI aims not only to understand entities but also to create them, This is known as rational intelligent agent as a unifying concept, what we have just mentioned constitutes a new approach to Artificial Intelligence (Russell ; Norving 2008).
In conclusion, the class served to analyze the reality of artificial intelligence, how it had evolved and what is expected of it in future years, In addition, the methodology that was applied to teach this topic is not all bad but could be improved. Another point that is rescued from the classes and I consider it very important is the research that leads to finding surprises of robots that act as in a science fiction movie.
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Martinez, R; Grace, To. 2000. Brief History of Computing. Retrieved 23 Apr.(Online). PDF format. Available in: -of-computing-e-artificial-intelligence/fundamentals-programming/otherresources/
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